Chemical Reaction – Metabolism
Chemical reactions are found everywhere around us. Even small chores such as washing a cloth with soap and water is an example of a chemical reaction and even with baking.
Temperature change is due to a chemical reaction. It is a process where two or more reactants are converted into some other products. In other words, you can say that a set of different chemicals is transformed into another set of different chemicals.
Metabolism is also a collection of chemical reactions that take place in the cells of living organisms. It is necessary for providing energy to these living organisms.
In this article, you will read about metabolism, its importance, biological effects and many more. Read the article thoroughly to get through the brief information. Let’s get started.
What is Metabolism?
Metabolism is a term used for a group of chemical reactions in the living organism cells to live life.
This procedure ensures growth and reproduction in living organisms and permits them to preserve their structures and react according to temperature. Furthermore, it is right to say that all the chemical reactions found in living organisms are a part of metabolism.
Digestion and cell building are the most important functions of metabolism. And all this need energy that comes from the food.
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Difference between Slow Metabolism and Fast Metabolism
Metabolism can be very slow and very fast. It is the reason that metabolism is blamed for weight problems. With a slow metabolism, you might need to make much effort to lose weight, and if it is high, you have to work to gain weight. You need to follow a proper diet and exercise to maintain metabolic rates.
It should not be avoided and if you doubt that you are facing some medical issues, consult your doctor immediately. The difference between fast and slow metabolism is the number of calories you burn to support breathing and other body functions.
Slow metabolism burns fewer calories than fast. The metabolic rate depends upon age, gender, genetics and daily routine.
Fast metabolism mostly comes from genetics or the hard work you do in your daily routine. If you do enough work to burn the calories you eat, you will not gain weight.
Bodybuilders eat a huge amount of food, but they do not gain weight because they do a lot of workouts.
A person with a fast metabolism has more lean muscles than a low metabolism. The people with fast metabolism have fast BMR, and the person with slow metabolism has slow BMR.
Why is Metabolism Important?
Metabolism is a very important process for our body to function properly. It combines nutrients with oxygen to produce energy that is needed for the body to work.
Most of the calories we take are used by our heart to beat and the brain to work. It is known as Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR). If you know your RMR, you can plan how many calories you need in a day. It is a great advantage for maintaining your weight. You will eat only the calories your body can burn.
It transforms food into energy and helps the breathing and digesting system to work accurately. It is very important in medicine and pharmacy.
Metabolism has a great effect on weight gaining and weight loss.
If your metabolism rate is high, you will not gain weight because your body will burn the calories you eat.
But with a lower metabolism rate, you will have to eat fewer calories to stay healthy.
Furthermore, metabolism is a complete process that is crucial to stay active and alive.
How to Influence Our Metabolism?
Various factors can influence our metabolism. The most common are discussed below.
- Sweat involves the sweating of the human body. It can help to decrease water weight in the body. More sweating means you are doing some hard work which means a fast metabolic rate.
- Urination plays an important role in metabolism. When a person takes fewer calories than required, your body will have to work harder, and you need to urinate frequently.
- Carbon dioxide also influences our metabolism. If it is increased from the typical requirements, then it can cause the brain to decrease metabolism.
- Chemical waste also influences our metabolism; if the chemical waste rate is higher than the taken calories, it is a fast metabolism that needs to take some energy again and again.
- Larger bodies have a higher number of metabolic tissues that can lead to high BMR.
- With the increasing age, the body loses muscle tissues, so it takes time to burn calories, directly affecting metabolism.
- Gender also affects metabolism. That is why men have a faster metabolism than women.
- Hormonal and nervous disorders can affect the metabolism rate directly.
- When the temperature is severe, the body needs to work faster, which means the metabolism rate will be high, and you need to take more calories than you would take at a normal temperature.
- If a person takes more caffeine and nicotine in their daily routine, the BMR rate is high.
- If a person eats low iodine, it will decrease Thyroid, leading to slow metabolism rates. Your diet is everything! You are what you eat!
Biological Effect of Metabolism
Hormones are very helpful for regulating metabolism. If the hormones are disturbed, then it can lead to defects in the Thyroid. Genetic metabolic disorders can be similar to the disorder caused by some other diseases. There can be following hormonal disorders of metabolism.
- Underactive Thyroid: when thyroid glands fail to produce enough hormones, the metabolism rate will slow down that can cause weight gain, constipation and depression.
- Overactive Thyroid: in this disorder, the glands produce additional hormones than required for the body. It will increase the speed of metabolism. It can cause increased appetite, diarrhoea, and weight loss.
Metabolism is very necessary for our bodies to keep functioning well and to stay alive. We need to maintain the metabolic system according to the requirements of our body.
This article has presented some brief information about metabolism. Hopefully, the article will be beneficial for you.
Thank you for reading and if you do have any questions or comments, leave below and I’ll be happy to help you out!