All candles require some amount of experiment. Even with the best formula, different wax brands, wick brands and fragrances will cause your candles to perform differently.
Soy Wax (naturewax C3) is specially formulated for container candles it is soy-based and has great scent adhesion and throw. Palm wax is best used for pillar candles.
Before you get started, some equipment is needed so check out below:)
Please pay attention to the manufacturer’s recommendations for melting point, pouring temperature and the percentage of fragrance oil or essential oils to use.
Choosing an appropriate candle container:
Soy burns hot, therefore the container of choice should be able to withstand high temperatures. Glass, ceramic, and metal are all suitable containers for candle making. Metal containers are suggested for beginners as they are less expensive and they will also hide aesthetic imperfections. Never use plastic or wooden containers!
Choosing an appropriate mould:
The mould you select will determine the size and shape of your pillar candle. Please note only palm wax or a wax blend designed by a particular manufacturer should be used when making a pillar candle.
Choosing an appropriate wick:
You may wonder “There are different wicks” well yes there are, and in candle-making size does matter. The size and type of wick used will determine:
- ● If your candle burns evenly
- ● If your candle flickers
- ● If your candle produces patches of soot
- ● If there will be carbon build up on your wick as it burns
- ● If your pillar candle will form gutter or tunnels
Wick selection is done based on the type of wax used and the diameter of your candle container. Luckily some websites offer guides to wick selection, you simply plug in the type of wax used and the diameter of your containers and you will get the top two wick suggestions.
My two go-to sites are Candle Science and Lone Star Candle Supplies. They both sell candle making supplies. You can check out the wick guide using the links provided. The wick guide also tells you the type of wick to use based on the type of candle you are making (pillar or container).
Other equipment that is necessary for making your own candles include a heat source – you can also melt your wax on a stove top in a metal pan or using the double boiler method. A digital scale for measuring accurately and Dyes – This is an optional addition to your hand-poured candle, however, dyes can be added to the boost aesthetics of your candles.
Pouring pitcher or saucepan – This will be needed if you will be making large batches in your wax melter pot.
Thermometer – You can use a digital thermometer or a candy thermometer to check the temperature of your wax.
Hand-poured Soy Candle Formulation
It will take around 1 hour and yields X5 4oz, or X2 10oz candles,
Supplies needed are –
- ● 1 kg Nature wax C3 or any soy wax container blend
- ● Glass or metal candle containers
- ● CD 12 or ECO 12 wick
- ● 1.76-ounce Fragrance/Essential oil
Here is a quick and easy video to get you started and fully prepared to what is involved visually:
Hope you enjoyed the video above and directly below are instructions similar to that of the video above.
- 1) Prepare work area
Cover the work area with newspaper to prevent having to do a lengthy clean-up at the end. Use this time to organize your workstation to prevent any accidents and spills.
- 2) Weighing and melting
Weigh 22 ounces of soy wax using a digital scale. Add wax to the wax melter and adjust to appropriate settings or to the metal pouring pitcher and add to double boiler. Allow the wax to be heated to 70℉ but not above 75 ℉. Add dye blocks at this step if you are colouring your candles.
- 3) Place the wick in jars
While the wax is melting use the time to prepare your containers. In clean dry containers place the wick in the centre of the jar. Secure the metal portion of the wick to the centre of the jar. You can secure the metal by using super glue or by using clear adhesive glue dots to fix your wicks to the bottom of the jars.
Once centred use a pen, pencil, or fudge stick to support and stabilize your wick to prevent moving or swaying during pouring and cooling. See the picture below—>>>
- 4) Add Fragrance oil
When the wax is fully melted and is at a temperature between 70℉ to 75℉ add 1.76 ounces of the desired fragrance oil to the melted wax and stir for at least one minute or until fully incorporated.
- 5) Cool and Pour
Once the fragrance oil is fully incorporated, allow the wax and fragrance oil mixture to cool to between 50℉ -65℉. This will happen quickly so ensure you measure the temperature constantly with your thermometer. When the appropriate temperature is reached pour the wax and fragrance oil mixture into your jars ensuring the wick remains centered and stable. Do not fill jars all the way to the top, leave a space to top off each container.
- 6) Cool and top off
After pouring and stabilizing the wick, leave candles to cool for about 2 hours. Do not cover or move!!! After the 2 hours, you may notice the wax pulling away from the sides of the container you may also notice a sink in the centre as pictured below. Don’t be alarmed this is fixable. After the candles have cooled, reheat the remaining wax in the wax melter or pitcher and top off each candle.
This picture shows the wax pulling away from the sides of the container, there is also a sink in the centre. Topping off will fix these problems.
After allowing the wax to cool a few hours the candle was topped off.
- 7) Trim Wick
After topping off and cooling you will have a few inches of wick sticking out your candle container. Trim (cut) the wicks down to about ¼ inches above the candle surface. Having a wick too long can cause your candle to burn a flame that’s too big and hot.
- 8) Clean up
- 9) Curing and storing
Even though your candle can be burned as soon as it hardens it is best to allow it to cure. Curing is leaving the candle to stand without selling or burning.
The minimum recommended time is 3 days and a maxim of 1-2 weeks especially for natural waxes such as soy and coconut.
Curing increases the throw of your fragrance oil, resulting in a stronger scent when burning. Place lids on candles and store them away from heat and excessive sunlight.
After the desired cure time, label and enjoy:)
Handy Tips for you
1 – You can preheat your jars before pouring, this will eliminate issues such as the wax pulling away from the container.
2 – When choosing fragrance oils there are a host of scents to choose from. However, it’s best to select those specially formulated for candle making.
3 – When using fragrance oils it is recommended to use at minimum 6% or 1 ounce per 16 ounces or 1 pound of wax. The recommended usage rate for the Soy wax above is 7-8% and for the pillar candle see the manufacturers recommendations.
4 – When creating essential oil blends you want your final blend to feel very balanced and harmonized. Once you know which oils can be combined together based on their categories, you can then create balance by paying attention to the notes each of the essential oils on your list have.
You must be sure to follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for melting point, pouring temperature and percentage of fragrance or essential oils to use:
I have revealed some of my secrets to you when creating and making handmade natural candles at home:)
I also have other candle recipes that include, Hand-poured Palm Wax Pillar Candle Formulation and if you are interested please subscribe here and pass a comment that you want this I will be happy to pass on the information to you:)
It’s important to lay down newspaper to catch spills and to prevent staining or damaging work surfaces. Arrange supplies so they are easily identified to prevent any accidents.
Thank you for reading and if you do have any questions or comments, please leave below and I’ll be sure to help you out!